JSON vs. XML – Unfolding the Truth

April 15, 2020

In the late 1990s, XML got a huge buzz around the web programmers, but since the last few years, JSON has created a buzz among web developers. It happened because, in the past few years, we have witnessed the mushrooming of JavaScript frameworks. As Ajax got into the realm of web development, now developers are finding out ways that can enhance the workability of user-side programming. By delivering web application infused with more dynamic outlooks. There has been always remained a heated debate among the programming community about the reliability and functionality of XML and JSON. The intensity of debate depicts that since the arrival of JSON, in a short time, it has beaten the hell out of XML. No doubt JSON has got strong footprints among the web community. It is shaking the traditional foundations of XML. And people have started to switch from JSON to XML. In this blog, we have discussed the reliability, and the working capacity of both the formats and have put forward strong arguments that JSON is better than XML.

The Verbosity of XML

It is an undeniable fact, even the proponents of XML would agree that it is redundant to write. In case you are coding from scratch, you will have to focus on starting and closing tags keenly. Many XML programmers would argue that editor is always there to help out in such situations. But still, you will have to revisit again and again every single line of code to cross-check whether you have added the tags or not. Because if your code misses a single tag, it would become a bug and finding out such minor error is the most laborious task.

Whereas JSON is less verbose, and amazingly, it is lightweight, which makes it easy to transmit the data from the web application to the server and vice versa.

Lack of Semantics in XML

XML lacks in semantics, the syntax of this format is meaningless and is not able to even correlate with the data or content, the abstract data model of this format uplifts itself from the data and configure the content by its own element attributes. XML on its own define the meaning of data in the elements, which makes it not a readable format for human beings. It is basically Meta-language and free from semantic. On the other hand, JSON is based on semantics, which makes it easy for the human to interpret the data and for the machines to parse the information.


In the last analysis, developers prefer JSON over XML. Because of the reasons mentioned above. And for that reason, the former has gained strong footprints over the web. And most of the people are switching their sites from XML to JSON. It is recommended by tech experts to use JSON because it will enhance the user-interaction with your web application. And you will be able to deliver a user-friendly experience to your users.

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